Craftsman & Bungalow
THE ECLECTIC PERIOD 1905-1930.
Arts & Crafts houses were inspired primarily by the work of two California brothers—Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene—who practiced together in Pasadena from 1893 to 1914. About 1903 they began to design simple Craftsman-type bungalows; by 1909 they had designed and executed several exceptional landmark examples that have been called the “ultimate bungalows.”
Several influences—the English Arts and Crafts movement, an interest in oriental wooden architecture, and their early training in the manual arts—appear to have led the Greenes to design and build these intricately detailed buildings. Through publicity in magazines, pattern books, and pre-cut packages of lumber, the one-story Craftsman house quickly became the most popular and fashionable smaller house in the country. One story vernacular examples are often called simply bungalows.
A close relative of this style is Prairie style, developed by an unusually creative group of Chicago architects that have become known as the Prairie School. Frank Lloyd Wright’s early work is in this style and he is acknowledged master of the Prairie house.
Excerpted from A Field Guide to American Houses, Virginia and
Lee McAlester, Alfred Knopf, New York, © 2000.
- Strong horizontal or vertical orientation
- Geometric patterns
- Prairie-style windows
- Panel doors
- Geometric patterns matching windows
- Often decorative details around door
- Often hidden in deep porch
- Board and batten