THE ROMANTIC PERIOD 1840-1885.
The Italianate style began in England as part of the Picturesque movement, a reaction to the formal classical ideals in art and architecture that had been fashionable for about two hundred years. The first Italianate houses in the United States were built in the late 1830s, popularized by Andrew Jackson Downing. By the 1860s the style had completely overshadowed its earlier companion, the Gothic Revival. With the financial panic of 1873, the style’s popularity began to decline; and when prosperity returned late in the decade, new housing fashions rose quickly to dominance.
Excerpted from A Field Guide to American Houses, Virginia and
Lee McAlester, Alfred Knopf, New York, © 2000.
- Vertical orientation of surface material
- Layered trim boards with molding
- Arched windows in pairs or triples
- Elaborate panel door
- Narrow, vertical orientation
- Taller than average doors
- Large, curved windows
- Small panels
- Not commonly used on this style, but
simpler variations may use louvre or